Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong condition that develops when an
"autoimmune reaction" destroys beta cells in the pancreas.
Autoimmune reaction means that the body creates antibodies against its
own cells. As a result, the pancreas stops producing insulin or cannot
produce enough insulin on its own.
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes are usually:
Although the cause of diabetes is unknown, there are certain risk factors that can increase the risk of developing type 1 diabetes. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes include:
Type 1 diabetes most often develops in childhood or adolescence. It was previously called juvenile-onset diabetes or Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus (IDDM).
About 10% of people with diabetes have type 1.